Poland is to develop and implement a programme of building nuclear power plants in order to improve the security of power supply.
The first nuclear power plant may be commissioned as early as 2020," said Tomasz Zadroga, President of PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna SA., during a press conference on 14 January 2008. The plan provides for the construction and commissioning of particular power generation units every second year.
According to PGE's estimates, the cost of constructing 1 MW of capacity is 2.5 – 3 million euros. "Construction costs are about 50% higher than in the case of a coal-fired power plant, but they can be distributed over the period of time that is twice as long. A conventional power plant can be operated for 30 - 40 years, while a nuclear power plant - 60 years," added Zadroga.
PGE is currently examining possible locations of future nuclear power plants using basically two criteria: a hydrological balance (water is needed for cooling processes) and an infrastructural balance (power deficit). "We are considering the northern part of Poland. With respect to the second location, we are thinking of the eastern part of the country," explained Zadroga.
PGE will construct nuclear power plants in cooperation with other entities. The company intends to establish a consortium with companies experienced in the construction and management of nuclear power plants.
On 13 January 2009 the Council of Ministers adopted a resolution on activities related to the development of nuclear power engineering in Poland. The government's plenipotentiary for the affairs of nuclear power engineering is to prepare a relevant draft of a programme specifying the number, size and possible locations of nuclear power plants in Poland.
The government also obliged the State Treasury Minister to secure cooperation of PGE Polska Grupa Energetyczna SA in the development and implementation of the programme.